Android is an open-source mobile operating system, based on a modified variant of the Linux kernel with other open-source software, specifically for touch-screen mobile phones like tablets and smartphones. Android was initially developed by Google as a project in the late years of 2005, and it is now one of the most widely used mobile platforms in the world. Today, Android can be used on most cell phones manufactured in the market, including the Samsung Galaxy S and HTC Desire. The Android SDK, or Software Development Kit, along with the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) are the most important components of the Android system.
The Android system is based on the Linux kernel, and hence many of the same applications that run on iPhones, BlackBerry phones, and Windows Mobile phones can also be used on Android smartphones and tablets. However, unlike iPhones and BlackBerrys, which run on closed-source OS, Android uses a variety of open-source programs to operate on mobile devices. A major advantage of Android is that it runs efficiently on a variety of hardware and has a flexible user interface that can be used in a number of different applications.
Another advantage of Android is that it provides a platform that developers can use to develop highly customizable apps, using any type of programming languages such as Java, C++, or Android native code. Another advantage of Android is that apps developed for mobile devices can run on various versions of the Android platform, from versions that are developed for AT&T’s T-Mobile and Vodafone’s Orange to more recent versions released by Samsung and HTC. This is because the Android support system is inclusive of a wide range of device models, from low-end high-end smartphones to tablets, smartwatches, media players, and many more. Developers can also choose to develop their applications for a specific device family, as is the case with Android apps that target the Android Wearables market. This is another advantage of Android over other mobile platforms.
The third advantage of Android is that it provides a stable platform that developers can use to develop both hybrid and high-end apps that run on a variety of hardware. Hybrid apps run on the Android software stack and can run on different versions of the Android system. High-end apps are generally developed in Java environments and run on Dalmatian orARM-based virtual machines. The hybrid Android phones and tablets that run on AT&T’s T-Mobile or Vodafone’s orange OS, on the other hand, use an optimized version of Java software. The latest version of Android, Kit Kat, has been designed for the low-end and mid-range smartphone devices and tablets and expects developers to write apps for both virtual machines and the hardware.
The fourth advantage of Android is that it provides a consistent development environment that enables app developers to rely on familiar code. Android has an open-source community that provides bug-fixes, translations, and documentation for the Android operating system. This ensures that programmers do not have to start from scratch when developing new apps. Android has been adopted by a number of other mobile devices, including Apple’s iPhone and iPad. The Android app market, in particular, has experienced more than doubling its revenue since the release of the iPhone 3G in the U.S.
The fifth advantage of Android is that it supports multi-media services such as HD video calling, picture-in-picture and text-to-speech and the integration of a wide variety of hardware accessories. Developers can integrate hardware peripherals like camera, sound systems, Wi-Fi transmitters and cellular phones with their apps, which increases the chances of reaching a larger audience. Android was also able to adopt the XML media format, allowing the transmission of multimedia messages in the form of files to third party apps. A major advantage of Android over Apple’s iOS is that it does not require the use of a persistent storage server, allowing users to move data between different devices with minimal effort.